Bed Bugs Search:

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19 Jan 17 Bed Bugs Treatment | Bed Bug Exterminator NY, NJ, PA & MD

Pest control or the services of a professional exterminator like Viking Pest are…


Bed bugs are very unpleasant and unwanted pests, and getting rid of them is important…


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Cases of mosquito-borne diseases are always a concern. With the news revealed that the Zika…


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Whether you live in Pennsylvania or any other state, mosquitoes are incredibly pesky insects that…


Winter Pests:Firewood and the Winter Pest Problem Vikings Guide toWinter Pest Problems Who doesnt like…


Like people, pests have three major needs to survive: shelter, food, and water. While many…


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Pests of Fall: The Usual Suspects Vikings Guide to Fall Pests Many people do not…


How to Avoid Bed Bugs. VIKINGs Back to School Bed Bug Advice for College Students…


A Simple Question with a Complex Answer At Viking Pest Control, we are often asked…


NJBIZ Announces Winners for New Jerseys Forty Under 40 Ryan Bradbury, President of Viking Pest…


Determining the Source of Your Ant Problem Childhood cartoons showing ants swarming to picnic sites…


Yellow Jackets Theyll Be Ready, Will You? Story from a few years back: Its a…


Important Announcement Rutgers University To NJPCA Network, My name is Adam Butrico and I…


God in his wisdom made the fly.. and then forgot to tell us why. Odgen…


As we approachmosquito season, you might be wondering,How can I prevent mosquitoes in my yard?….


You can take several steps to protect yourself from mosquito bites. Avoid and exclude mosquitoes….


Article By Copesan Zika virus is primarily transmitted by mosquitoes, especially the yellow fever…


Many of Viking clients have gardens around their homes. This article addresses how to keep…


Many of our gardeners are also avid fisherman and many may use insects as bait….


What is Zika virus and how does it spread? Information Provided by: Zika virus…


Zika Virus A mosquito borne illness. Viking Pest Control, a member of National Pest…


Falling Temperatures do not Necessarily Mean Fewer Insects With record-breaking cold temperatures in much of…


Snow Fleas Yes Virginia There Are Such Things! As you know we write articles…


BUGS and the Real Christmas Tree Source: Rayanne D. Lehman and James F. Stimmel Pennsylvania…


Winter can be quite harsh on humans, animals and insects and their arthropod relatives…


Deadly Kissing Bug Could Be In New Jersey The triatomine bugs carry a deadly parasite…


Dont Let Bugs and Rodents Ruin Your Cozy Home While we associate spring and summer…


Quality Pro Viking Pest Control Interview Read The Interview Here Viking Termite & Pest Control,…


October is National Breast Cancer Awareness month. In support of this, all Viking techs and…


It is Easier and Safer to Keep the Pests Out Than It is to Try…


Insects and Rodents That Become More of a Nuisance in Autumn With fall comes…


Its that time of year when yellowjackets (Vespula germanica), those black and yellow wasps that…


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How to Keep Flies From Using Your Home as Theirs Flies may be a nuisance…


PCT Magazine October-2012 Research out of Ohio State finds foggers have little impact on modern-day…


Have a No-Mouse House: It may seem like the middle of summer, but the reality…


Mexican Bean Beetles By William A. Kolbe B.C.E. New Jersey Gardeners are reporting sightings and…


All About Ticks & Tick Control. A Primer for Summer. By Viking Pest Control Tick…


Proper Trap Placements for Summertime Pests By Gregory Covello A.C.E. Summer is finally here and…


It is difficult not to get excited about late springtime in New Jersey. The weather…


Viking Pest Control. Fleas Ticks and Disease If you have pets, then you are almost…


Time to Pest-Proof Your Home April is National Pest Management Month Pest Controllers offer tips…


In what may be the biggest news about pests since literally the Middle Ages, scientists…


Carpenter ants What are Carpenters doing in my garden? By Gregory Covello, A.C.E. While…


Winter Pests! When you look outside at a bare winter landscape, you may be tempted…


By Gregory Covello, A.C.E. (Associate Certified Entomologist) Winter is normally a time when our focus…


In the winter holiday season, which lasts from the weekend before Thanksgiving until the weekend…


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Bed Bugs Treatment | Bed Bug Exterminator NY, NJ, PA & MD

08 Jan 17 Las Vegas NV Bed bug Hotel and Apartment Reports

I was sleeping around 10pm and woke up midnight so itchy that I need to scratch it so bad I tried to sleep again and woke up again after maybe another half an hour itchy all over my back my arms elbow…

We stayed there for 2 nights. I have bites all over the body!!! I’m really disappointed. I will call the management tomorrow to let them know. Now I try to make sure I’m not getting them into my …

Found bed bugs in bed and in drawers. Both my friend and I were bit.there was blood in our sheets. And my friend had a severe allergic reaction and had to leave early from our trip….

Me and kids checked in on 9/28 to Circus Circus. We were sent across the street to Manor. Once unloading luggage we headed out to strip. Returned around 2 am and hit the sack. Between 3ish to 9am th…

We stayed for 3 nights.first 2 nights we got covered in bites. I inspected the headboard and found bugs and was too disgusted to inspect any further. We contacted management that wasn’t very helpful …

I stayed here 3 nights. The firSt morning, I discovered a couple bites and thought nothing of it. After returning to my hotel room I noticed more bites. The next morning I noticed a lot more and inspe…

We stayed in Resort Tower room and our 6-year old was bitten all over one side by bed bugs. Very disappointing….

Found large adult bed bug in bed after waking with several rashes contacted hotel staff and took photos and a video. ChanGeddes rooms and the hotel is doing an inspection. I asked them to launder my c…

Definitely got bit 5 times in the first night by something not a misqeto…

I visiting family from california. I noticed alot of bites around my ankle annd back of my shoulders. My family had to pay for alot of bug sprays and for termenator because we have infant children liv…

I reported to “Risk Management” that I had awoken with a bug bite on my arm. This was during the night of February 19th/20th 2014. I know it happened sometime during the night because I did not have …

We stayed for 3 nights in this hotel. We came home a few days ago and both my husband and I have bed bug bites all over our backs. Not happy!…

I am very mad 3 of us have hives bites all over we stayed 2 nights and now 4 days later we are itching like crazy. …

Went in mid August, stayed one night. Came home and week later bites everywhere. Finally had to call pest control . Cost me 1000 dollars to clear them out of my home …

my bed had bed bugs. Was itching during the night and work up with bites on the back of calfs and bottom We were traveling for work and another member of my party had the same issue. When I …

This is being reported as it is very concerning of how management and the Best Western entity in general is handling this situation. My friend and I checked in to the hotel on Friday, 11/18 and check…

(I have a copy of the report ) I was laying in bed around 10:40pm on 12/30/15 when I felt a burning sensation on my right hand, I got up and when to he restroom to look at my right hand and I was a re…

Nasty my family of 4 children and 2 adults received numerous bites on our bodies!!!! We are taking action!!!!! …

I stayed at Palace Station in April 2015 and brought back bedbugs in my suitcase. It was a nightmare going through the extermination process. Thankfully, I caught it relatively early and we only had …

We stayed at this hotel on a summer vacation and first time in Vegas. First impression of the hotel room was wonderful, big and clean looked like a luxury room. Tucked myself into be and within 30 min…

Woke up to a bug in my bed. After looking closer though I have never seen a live bedbug, I was nervous this might be one. I grabbed a paper to smash it and after smashing it, it exploded with blood. I…

I stayed in the vintage. Around 3:30am I woke up to use the restroom. When I went to lay back down, I noticed a big on the top sheet of the bed. Upon further inspection, I was able to identify the big…

Found bugs run across top of bed 2 different nights. After first siting showing housekeeping squished bug and asked for all sheets to be changed. After 2nd siting took photo of bug before squishing it…

Bed bugs. Room 2053. Management unresponsive to claims. Beware!!…

My daughter woke my wife up about 545 in the morning because something was crawling on her. She turned on the light and it was a bedbug, a pretty good size. There was also another one in the bed. W…

Me and my fiance stayed here for the 4th of July weekend my fiance had red bumps on his arms, we noticed Saturday he got red marks it just caused him itchiness but we thought the towels or sheets irri…

I don’t remembered the room number. I assumed my bites were mosquito. They kept getting worce as the weeks went on. I finally discovered i brought them home from the hotel and infested my own home….

Stayed 3 nights, woke up with a couple bites. Next couple days had more bites and got worse. Never been bitten before so did not connect it coming from bedbugs until later. …

Awoke with bug bites on arms. Management moved me to another room, but I had to wash everything that I had in the room to prevent spreading the infestation….

At approximately 9:30am, I picked up my headscarf off of the bed to out it in my pocket. When I picked up the scarf, there was the bug on the bed. I paniced, screamed, and grabbed my boot, and smashed…

During bedroom mattress check, there was a bedbug alive lying on top of the sheet in front of the headboard. We did not stay…

Below is the return letter I wrote to the hotel operations manager after he denied that the hotel room was infested with bed bugs! The letter explains all. Aug 11th 2016 Well ‘NAME REMOVED’ Dire…

My head has been infested for over 3 weeks. My head has been itching every since we left there. We stayed for 10 days and then I started noticing it…

My family stayed in room 301 on the 53rd floor. Each member of my family of 3, particularly my wife and I suffered numerous bites across our b oldies. Many of these bites resulted in large and very un…

I was visiting my family for the first time in a year and the hotel that we reserved long ago was out of 2 queen bed rooms so they got is a king bed with a sleeper. Do not sleep in the sleepers!!! The…

I planned on staying in Las Vegas until Sunday, July 31. My birthday was Thursday, July 28th, and because of this issue I decided to cut my trip short, due to such an uncomfortable stay. I departed an…

Stayed in room one night, both daughter and I had bites on neck. Found living bug in laundry once I got home. …

Moved into Unit 2117 and 2 weeks later had bites all down my body. Hired Terminix to come look into this problem. They informed me that there bed bugs in the master bedroom; behind the walls and under…

The first night’s stay, sat on the sofa to nurse my 8 month old baby, I was itching a lot and thought it was due to a mosquito. The next morning I had whelps everywhere I itched (on my legs & arms). T…

told the office about the bites the girl in the room directly below us has been bitten also. she said maintenance came and sprayed and she was bitten again. …

Stayed there Jan 1st through the 4th. Found bed bugs in my room after they moved me to a second room, I also found bed bugs in that bed as well. I will never stay here again it’s infested with them….

Stayed at Westgate Las Vegas Resort & Casino November 11-16. 2 nights on 21st floor and moved to Room 2427 after the tub faucet in our 21st floor room fell off. Once we returned to Canada I noticed …

There for a marathon race, we had to be moved because the shower broke. The second night we stayed in our new room I had some marks on my body. Ran the race that day, the next day (day of departure) m…

11/28/2015, I spent one night at this hotel and felt ankle was bitten by bugs during the night. Then there were lot of red dots around my ankles. …

I noticed red marks start appearing on my body and I thought it was an allergic reaction too fake jewelry but two weeks later I found a bug crawling on my body so I reported it to the office they came…

Around 5:00 am, I woke up with three itchy bites on my arms and left wrist. The bites got progressively worse throughout the day. Even though the mattress was covered with a plastic shield and I had i…

I always check for bed bugs. I have dealt with them before successfully. They are nearly impossible to get rid of.. anyways, I checked before I even set my bags down and didn’t see any stains or eggs…

The day following my stay about 70+ bites started coming up on my face, neck, arms, and legs. They blistered and were very painful so I went to the ER where a physician identified them as bed bug bite…

I woke up with bites on both forearms and ankles. The areas were itchy and swollen – the burning itch is very distinctive (I’d lived in a rental home with a bedbug problem in the past). Reported to h…

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Recommended tips after hotel check-in: 1. Pick up the mattresses in the rooms and look under it. Check around the edges of the box springs. 2. Check under the box spring. 3. Lift up each headboard an lie it on the bed. Carefully inspect the hole where the headboard was lifted out of. Also, inspect all niches and corners of the headboard. 4. If you decide to stay in the hotel, do not put any clothes in dressers. Keep them in your luggage and your dirty clothes in plastic bags.

Originally posted here:
Las Vegas NV Bed bug Hotel and Apartment Reports

05 Jan 17 Welcome to Bed Bug K-9s Services

“Sleep tight don’t let the bed bugs bite” used to be just an old saying but not now it has some validity. Bed bugs are back and people are finding them in houses, apartments, hotels, dorms, cruise ships, hospitals, libraries and movie theaters even buses!

Dogs have been working for years detecting narcotics, explosives, missing persons, termites and produce to name a few. We know, as trainers, if it has a scent a dog can be taught to find it! A pest control professional has to use their eyes to find bed bugs which means in some cases they have to pull a room apart. A dog can search many areas without disturbing anything and pin point a scent. There is no true way to measure the dogs accuracy percentage verses a human but the dog has no hidden agenda nor any preconceived thoughts of where the bug could or could not be. Our dog’s have 100’s of hours of positive reinforcement training finding live bed bugs. They have learned that finding the scent of viable eggs, nymphs and adult bugs equals something good for them in the way of a toy or food. Our dogs are happy, healthy, high drive canines!

See the article here:
Welcome to Bed Bug K-9s Services

05 Jan 17 Detection dog – Wikipedia

A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to and works at using its senses (almost always the sense of smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, or blood. Hunting dogs that search for game and search dogs that search for missing humans are generally not considered detection dogs. There is some overlap, as in the case of cadaver dogs, trained to search for human remains. Some police dogs that are used in drug raids are trained not only to locate narcotics, but also persons who may be hiding from the police, as well as stashed currency. Some detector dogs can locate contraband electronics, such as illicit mobile phones in prisons.[1]

In recent years, detection dogs have emerged as a valuable research tool for wildlife biologists. In California, dogs are trained to detect the quagga mussel on boats at public boat ramps, as it is an invasive species. Sniffer dogs have also been enlisted to find bumblebee nests. Other studies have employed detection dogs for the purposes of finding and collecting the feces of a diverse array of species, including caribou,[2]black-footed ferret, killer whale, and Oregon spotted frog.

Detection dogs have been trained to search for many things, both animate and inanimate, including:

One notable quality of detection dogs is that they are able to discern individual scents even when the scents are combined or masked by other odors. In 2002, a detection dog foiled a woman’s attempt to smuggle marijuana into a Brisbane, Australia prison. The marijuana had been inserted into a balloon, which was smeared with coffee, pepper and petroleum jelly and then placed in her bra.[9] A sniffer dog can detect blood even if it has been scrubbed off surfaces.[citation needed]

In one study, sniffer dogs had a 97.5% correct positive indication rate on detecting bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) and their eggs with zero false positives all while accurately distinguishing them from carpenter ants, cockroaches and termites. They could detect as few as a single adult specimen or five viable eggs, and were also able to discriminate live bed bugs and viable bed bug eggs from dead bed bugs, cast skins, and feces, with a 95% correct positive indication rate, with only a 3% false positive rate on bed bug feces.[10]

Their use has been criticized as allowing the police to conduct searches without cause, in a manner that is unregulated.[12][13] They have been criticized as a form of show-policing, motivated more by the state’s desire to be seen to be doing something than any serious attempt to respond to the dangers of drug use.[14]

In 2001 the Australian state of New South Wales introduced legislation to provide police with powers to use drug detection dogs without a warrant in public places such as licensed venues, music festivals and public transport.[15] Repealed in 2005, it was reviewed in 2006 by the New South Wales Ombudsman, who handed down a report highly critical of the use of dogs for drug detection. The report stated that prohibited drugs were found in only 26% of searches following an indication by a drug sniffer dog. Of these, 84% were for small amounts of cannabis deemed for personal use. The report also found that the legislation was ineffective at detecting persons in supply of prohibited drugs, with only 0.19% of indications ultimately leading to a successful prosecution for supply.[16][17]

During a 3-year period (from 2008) “probably more than 1000 pupils in about 90 classrooms” had been subjected to a drug dog coming into a classroom where it was “voluntary for pupils to be present with the drug dog, but those who want to leave the classroom must answer some questions to police”.[18] An article in Tidsskrift for strafferett, Norway’s journal of criminal law, claims that such searches breach Norwegian law.[18]

In the United States, Narcotic Detection dogs had to become court qualified prior to their talents becoming admissible in a court of law.[citation needed]

In 2011, the Chicago Tribune reviewed the traffic stop data from Chicago-area police departments, and found that “false alerts” were strongly biased against Hispanic suspects.[19] For example, in Naperville, Illinois, an average of 47% of all positive detection dog alerts resulted in subsequent discovery of narcotic drugs or drug paraphernalia. Looking specifically at Hispanic suspects, however, only 8% of the dogs’ positive alerts resulted in similarly fruitful searches. The report concedes that some but not all of this disparity can be attributed to “residual odors”, which linger even after contraband is removed from the vehicle. But given that the dogs themselves harbor no racial bias, the Tribune concludes that the dogs’ response is influenced by the biases and behaviors of their handlers. Further still, the report points to the fact that very few states have mandatory training, testing or certification standards.[19]

In June 2012, three Nevada Highway Patrol officers filed suit against Nevada’s Director of Public Safety, alleging that he destroyed the police dog program by intentionally training canines to be “trick ponies” to falsely alert based on cues from their handlers so as to enable officers to conduct illegal searches of vehicles. The lawsuit claims that in so doing, he and other top Highway Patrol officers had violated the federal Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) Act.[20]

Bed bug detection dogs are specially trained by handlers to identify the scent of bed bugs.

With the increased focus on green pest management and integrated pest management, bed bug detection dogs are gaining popularity in North America. Dogs are a safer alternative to pesticide use as a management strategy. If operators can find out exactly where bed bugs are located, they can minimize the area that needs to be sprayed. Dogs smell in parts per trillion, something a human cannot do, and detect bed bugs through all life cycle phases from eggs to nymphs to adults.

Bed bug detection dogs are quickly becoming mainstream. In 2011 the National Pest Management Association released their “Bed Bug Best Management Practices” [21] which outline the minimum recommendations regarding not only treatment, but the certification and use of bed bug detection canines. The NPMA Best Management Practices emphasize the importance of having a bed bug detection dog team certified by a third party organization with no affiliation to the trainer or company that sold the canine.

Bed bug detection dogs are a viable and scientifically-proven alternative to traditional methods of pest detection. A 2008 report by the University of Kentucky Department of Entomology endorsed bed bug detection dogs by stating that the reliability of the dogs has been impressive provided they are properly trained.[22] Scientists at the university reviewed studies on the dogs and concluded that although expensive for operators, canine detection dogs were promising.

Bed bug detection is complicated by the fact that the insects can hide almost anywhere. Bed bug detection dogs solve this problem because they are small and agile, finding bugs in places humans cannot such as wall voids, crevices and furniture gaps.

With the increase in global travel and shared living accommodations, bed bugs have become more prevalent. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency held a bed bug summit[23] in April 2009 to address the ongoing problem of bed bugs and how to eradicate them. The certification of bed bug detection dogs was discussed.

Scat is abundant in the wild and contains valuable data.[24][25] Additionally, it represents a fairly non-invasive method of study for many species where previously live-capture predominated. Compared with other methods of scat collection, dogs are able to survey larger areas in less time, at decreased costs.[26] Detection dogs have also been used with success to locate killer whale feces,[27]northern spotted owl pellets,[28] and salamanders.[29]

Excerpt from:
Detection dog – Wikipedia

04 Jan 17 Have I found a Bed Bug? – Let’s Beat the Bed Bug!


Have I Found a Bed Bug (.pdf)

Bed bugs can be difficult to identify as they are similar to many other small insects. Also, their appearance will change depending on their age and if they have recently eaten.

Adult bed bugs are reddish brown in color and approximately to 3/8 inch long; they are nearly as wide as they are long. They are about the size of an apple seed. Juvenile bed bugs can be very small and very hard to see.

Bed bugs do not have wings, and cannot fly. Bed Bugs can move very quickly on both horizontal and vertical surfaces

If a bed bug has not recently eaten it is flat and oval shaped. Once a bed bug has bitten someone it swells in size, becoming longer and redder in color; frequently compared to the shape of a cigar.

If you have a bed bug infestation you may also notice cast skins. The cast skin of a bed bug is an empty shell that is left behind when a bed bug grows. This skin will be in the shape of a bed bug but it will be transparent.

Bed bugs are active mainly at night, so it is unlikely that you will see one during the day. They can become accustomed to feeding during the day if they become aware that people are resting or sleeping during the day. Bed bugs may be seen during the day if there is a big infestation, or if the insect you have found is actually a bat bug. Bat Bugs are very similar to bed bugs and are often found in places with bats or birds. Bugs should be sent to a professional for identification.

If you think you have found a bed bug, try to catch it on a piece of tape or put it in a plastic bag, you can then have this bug identified by a pest management professional (exterminator).

If an exterminator cannot verify it is a bed bug, send a sample on sticky tape to:

If you find bed bugs, make a note of when and where you saw them. This will help the pest management professional in the inspection of your home and will increase the likeliness that treatment will be effective.

Have I Found a Bed Bug (.pdf)

Read more:
Have I found a Bed Bug? – Let’s Beat the Bed Bug!

29 Dec 16 K9 Bed Bug Detection – Orkin Canada

Get a Free Estimate Call Now or fill out the form below. REGIONAL PEST REPORT

Pest threat

Ants and mice are moving inside and wildlife may be looking for potential harbourage areas. Spiders are constructing egg sacs and mosquito activity is increasing. House fly activity can be expected. Commercial accounts will need to be aware of increased small fly activity. Nuisance wildlife, such as squirrels and chipmunks, will be much more noticeable.

Home Bed Bugs Bed Bug Dogs

Every day mans best friend is hard at work helping us in the battle against bed bugs! Their amazingly sensitive nose makes them the ideal bed bug detection tool. Our bed bug dogs have been specially trained to detect bed bugs with amazing accuracy. They recognize the scent of live bed bugs and their eggs. They can differentiate between live and dead bugs and also between bed bugs and the debris they leave behind (cast off skins and feces).

Bed bug dogs have a level of detection accuracy that far surpasses conventional detection methods. Our K9 Inspection Team is faster and more reliable than any of the other methods.

Many University studies have shown that trained bed bug dogs are much more accurate than a trained technician. Combine this with the speed & reliability of our bed bug dogs and you can see the obvious benefits of the Orkin Canada K9 teams.

Our K9 Inspection team dogs receive between 800 and 1000 hours of training before ever meeting their handler. The K9 and the handler are then paired together rand train as a team for another 40+ hours. At the end of the course, a Certified Master Trainer verifies that each canine team is capable of discriminating bed bug scents and issues certification.Once in the field our K9s are tested every quarter and re-certified every year.

An Orkin Canada K9 Handler will sweep a room using their dog. The handler will guide the dog through the room letting the dog sniff for detection in every applicable area. Our bed bug dogs are trained to indicate when they have discovered a bed bug scent. Once a dog has alerted to a possible bed bug, the handler will make a visual inspection to confirm the dogs findings.

Since a bed bug dog can inspect a room in minutes and a human inspection can take hours our K9 Inspection Team can save time and money. They can tell which rooms have bed bugs and which ones do not. This ensures treatments are conducted only in the necessary areas and that any bed bugs are detected before they can become a large infestation.

It can be difficult for a bed bug exterminator to ensure there are no live bugs during a follow-up inspection. Since our K9 Inspection Team dogs will only alert to the presence of live bed bugs they can determine whether or not the extermination effort was successful and avoid unnecessary further treatments.

With the recent resurgence of bed bugs, professional pest control services have not had difficulty exterminating bed bugs once we find them. The difficulty lies in being able to detect a small population of bed bugs before it becomes an infestation, and then, in confirming extermination of all bugs after a treatment has been completed. Essentially detecting them early is the key to a proper extermination process. Bed bugs are small and can hide in the smallest cracks and crevices and they reproduce at an alarming rate.

K9s have been used in a variety of industries due to the efficiency of scent detection. Some industry examples that utilize K9 scent detection are: bomb detection, avalanche rescue, drug and firearm detection, K9 security and in helping people live their lives with the aid of a Seeing Eye dog.

In 2008 Orkin PCO Services, now Orkin Canada, invested in a K9 Bed Bug Detection program. This quickly proved to be an extremely accurate and efficient method compared to technician inspections, which did not require the use of other detection devices, keeping the service discreet. We now have K9 services available in the Vancouver, Edmonton and Ontario regions with expansion plans into all major cities in Canada.

Orkin Canadas K9s have been sourced through All Animal Productions in California. This academy is well respected both in the United States and Canada. The academy trains dogs for a variety of clientele in both public and private industries.

All K9s have been paired with a long term primary handler and a secondary handler. The dogs live and work with their handlers. The K9s motivation for detecting bed bugs is through a food reward. Essentially the K9 hunts for its food asit would by instinct. Throughout a work day the handler will strategically hide bed bug scents as confirmation of detection accuracy.

K9s will continue to play a large role in the extermination of bed bugs and in many other industries for a variety of applications. Orkin Canada expects this to be a fast growing division due to the large demand for a proper bed bug detection and extermination process.

K9 Pre-Scheduled Detection Program The most efficient method to be proactive in identifying if you have bed bugs or not is to always be on the watch for them. On a weekly, monthly, or quarterly basis we will search a section or your entire property for live bed bugs. Any activity areas will be noted and tenants will be notified to prepare for treatment.

On Demand Bed Bug Confirmations and Block Inspections Instead of having a technician respond to the first call to confirm if there are bed bugs K9 services are faster, more accurate and can also be more cost effective compared to technician inspections.

Detection and On Demand Treatment For situations that require immediate response for bed bug confirmation & extermination. Orkin Canada will deploy the K9 Service with additional pest technician. The K9 will alert to an infested area which will then be quarantined by the technician and treated on that service. Depending on the treatment and level of infestation a second visit may be required.

Detection and preventative treatment For situations that require long term reassurance and a proactive approach to bed bug extermination. Orkin Canada will go through a section or the full facility with the K9 to confirm if there is any activity. If the K9 alerts to activity we will recommend preparing that area for full treatment. All other areas will have preventive pest treatments.

Other Applications Our K9s have been used in a variety of unique and creative ways. They have been used to detect bugs in taxi cabs, hotels, airplanes, trains, food courts, manufacturing plants and many other types of properties, both solely and as a part of a team program. We require an initial tour of most facilities before recommending a program.

Reporting One of the greatest pieces of information you will receive after the service is a report called Snap Shot. This will give you a full picture of exactly what is happening in your building. The report will include which units do and do not have bed bugs and the level of infestation, which units have sanitation or clutter issues that may hamper treatment and which tenants are cooperating with the program and which are not. A sample report is included in this package.

K9 Safety The K9 Handler will always inspect an area before the K9 can enter. The K9 cannot be taken into areas that have had recent treatments. There are other safety protocols which the handler must abide by. The handler has the right to refuse inspection in areas he deems not safe for the K9 to enter. This service is meant to be used as a first response tool in the bed bug management process. Both chemical and non-chemical bed bug treatments are available.

Schedule a Bed Bug Inspection

Want to learn more about bed bugs? Click one of the links below:

According to a report prepared by the Institute for Biological Detection Systems (IBDS) of Auburn University (Auburn, AL), dogs have the following capabilities:

K9 Bed Bug Detection – Orkin Canada

25 Dec 16 Bed Bug Treatment: Get Rid of Bed Bugs in Home

Get a Free Estimate Call Now or fill out the form below. REGIONAL PEST REPORT

Pest threat

Ants and mice are moving inside and wildlife may be looking for potential harbourage areas. Spiders are constructing egg sacs and mosquito activity is increasing. House fly activity can be expected. Commercial accounts will need to be aware of increased small fly activity. Nuisance wildlife, such as squirrels and chipmunks, will be much more noticeable.

Home Bed Bugs Bed Bug Treatment & Control

Although bed bugs dont pose any serious health concerns they do live and hide in the areas where we sleep. They are mostly found in bedding, mattresses, on headboards and in bed frames and box springs. Due to their size and nocturnal nature bed bugs can easily go undetected. Dark spots and small blood stains may indicate the presence of bed bugs. Bed bugs also give off a sweet musty odour and will often leave their eggs and molted skins near areas they have infested. Good housekeeping may not eliminate the problem. Even upscale hotels are not immune bed bugs can thrive in a spotlessly clean room. Bed Bug infestations are difficult to deal with, and success depends on the thoroughness of the preparation, treatment and the follow-up. One of the most important steps in effective bed bug control is the accurate identification of bed bugs presence before starting any treatments. Home remedies, available in stores, are not very effective getting rid of a bed bug infestation. If you do choose to use an over-the-counter insecticide, make sure to read the label closely and follow directions. Your best course of action is to immediately contact your local Orkin Canada branch as we have extensive experience dealing with bed bugs. Pest control professionals administer the most effective treatments. It is advised that anyone with a suspected bed bug infestation contact their local expert to arrange an inspection and consultation.

There is no way to prevent bed bugs entirely; however, experts agree that early detection is the best way to prevent them from establishing themselves. A bed bug dog is your best tool for early detection. To prevent bed bug infestations you need to be vigilant in examining your surroundings. When returning from a trip, or a night out check both your clothing and luggage. If you think you may have a bed bug infestation, contact a pest control professional. This is not a pest that can be controlled with do-it-yourself measures.

Bed bugs are small, nocturnal and very difficult to detect. They are also very rugged insects and that can live for up to a year without feeding. They can hide in cracks and crevices and in hard to find spots and can withstand a temperature from almost freezing up to 122 degrees Fahrenheit. All of these facts make treating bed bugs very difficult and should always be done by a professional pest control technician such as your local highly trained Orkin Canada Technician.

Short of inspecting your own or a guests luggage and belongings as they come in, there is no known way to completely prevent bed bugs from entering a property. And once they are inside, two bed bugs can lay up to ten eggs in one day. Thats why it is important to have any rooms with a bed bug problem treated immediately to prevent them from becoming a widespread infestation.

To address current infestations, Orkin Canada will provide an aggressive treatment strategy that includes a thorough inspection of areas of concern to locate harbourage sites, as well as treatment of both infested and potentially infested areas. Orkin Canada will also conduct a follow-up inspection to ensure that the treatment was effective.

The threat of bed bugs is always present but Orkin Canada is always ready. Armed with the best training in the industry plus over 100 years of experience and success Orkin professionals will provide training for your housekeeping and engineering staff on proactive bed bug measures. A favourite spot for bed bugs to hide is under the seams of box springs and mattresses. Orkin Canada will teach the housekeeping staff to inspect for bed bugs while servicing rooms and thus helping identifiy bed bugs in hotels rooms.

An effective bed bug control strategy must start with an inspection. A highly trained pest control professional, such as your local Orkin Canada technician, would start with a thorough inspection of all known and suspected spots where bed bugs might be hiding. Bed bugs are not pests that can be effectively controlled by do-it-yourself means. If bed bugs are detected your pest control professional will develop a customized treatment and control strategy with you that depends on the size of the infestation.

Rising complaints about these unwelcome guests are leading to red faces at the reception desks of hotels and an increase in the number of help calls. Even though they dont pose a health threat, bed bugs, which live off human blood, can take a nasty bite out of a hotels reputation and business.

Orkin Canada recommends that you follow A.I.M. for the best results, when dealing with bed bug infestations. Assess the Situation: Your Orkin Canada Technician performs a thorough inspection of your home to locate any current bed bug infestations. Implement a customized treatment plan: Every bed bug problem is different; so is every treatment. Your Orkin Canada Technician is an expert on the entomology and life cycle of bed bugs and uses the appropriate treatment to match the extent of your problem. To protect your family and pets, your technician uses integrated pest control methods safely applying products only when needed. Monitor Results: With our established Quality Assurance regimens we will document everything & follow-up. Bed bugs are extremely hardy. A return visit from your technician helps ensure the maximum effectiveness of your program. In addition, we offer protective mattress covers to help prevent future infestations. Schedule a Bed Bug Inspection Today! Want to learn more about bed bugs? Click one of the links below:

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Bed Bug Treatment: Get Rid of Bed Bugs in Home

07 Dec 16 Hemiptera – Wikipedia

The Hemiptera or true bugs are an order of insects comprising some 50,000 to 80,000 species[2] of groups such as the cicadas, aphids, planthoppers, leafhoppers, and shield bugs. They range in size from 1mm (0.04in) to around 15cm (6in), and share a common arrangement of sucking mouthparts.[3] The name “true bugs” is sometimes limited to the suborder Heteroptera.[4] Many insects commonly known as “bugs” belong to other orders; for example, the lovebug is a fly,[5] while the May bug and ladybug are beetles.[6]

Most hemipterans feed on plants, using their sucking and piercing mouthparts to extract plant sap. Some are parasitic while others are predators that feed on other insects or small invertebrates. They live in a wide variety of habitats, generally terrestrial, though some species are adapted to life in or on the surface of fresh water. Hemipterans are hemimetabolous, with young nymphs that somewhat resemble adults. Many aphids are capable of parthenogenesis, producing young from unfertilised eggs; this helps them to reproduce extremely rapidly in favourable conditions.

Humans have interacted with the Hemiptera for millennia. Some species are important agricultural pests, damaging crops by the direct action of sucking sap, but also harming them indirectly by being the vectors of serious viral diseases. Other species have been used for biological control of insect pests. Hemipterans have been cultivated for the extraction of dyestuffs cochineal (also known as carmine) and for shellac. The bed bug is a persistent parasite of humans. Cicadas have been used as food, and have appeared in literature from the Iliad in Ancient Greece.

Hemiptera is the largest order of hemimetabolous insects (not undergoing complete metamorphosis) containing over 75,000 named species; orders with more species all have a pupal stage, Coleoptera (370,000 described species), Lepidoptera (160,000), Diptera (100,000) and Hymenoptera (100,000).[7] The group is very diverse. The majority of species are terrestrial, including a number of important agricultural pests, but some are found in freshwater habitats. These include the water boatmen, pond skaters, and giant water bugs.[8]

The present members of the order Hemiptera (sometimes referred to as Rhynchota) were historically placed into two orders, the so-called Homoptera and Heteroptera/Hemiptera,[9][10] based on differences in wing structure and the position of the rostrum. The order is now more often divided into four or more suborders, after the “Homoptera” were established as paraphyletic. Molecular phylogenetics analysis by Song et al. (2012) supports this cladogram:[9]

The Peloridiidae (Coleorrhyncha) were not included in Song’s analysis.[9] The suggestion that the Auchenorrhyncha are paraphyletic has been debated, and in 2012, the phylogeny was described as “contentious”; a multilocus molecular phylogenetic analysis suggested that the Auchenorrhyncha, like the Sternorrhyncha, Heteropterodea, Heteroptera, Fulgoroidea, Cicadomorpha, Membracoidea, Cercopoidea, and Cicadoidea, were all monophyletic.[11]

The closest relatives of hemipterans are the thrips and lice, which collectively form the “hemipteroid assemblage” within the Exopterygota.[14]

The fossil record of hemipterans goes back to the Carboniferous (Moscovian).[15] The oldest fossils are of the Archescytinidae from the Lower Permian and are thought to be basal to the Auchenorrhyncha. Fulguromorpha and Cicadomorpha appear in the Upper Permian, as do Sternorrhyncha of the Psylloidea and Aleurodoidea. Aphids and Coccoids appear in the Triassic. The Coleorrhyncha extend back to the Lower Jurassic.[16] The Heteroptera first appeared in the Triassic.[17]

The defining feature of hemipterans is their “beak” in which the modified mandibles and maxillae form a “stylet” which is sheathed within a modified labium. The stylet is capable of piercing tissues and sucking liquids, while the labium supports it. The stylet contains a channel for the outward movement of saliva and another for the inward movement of liquid food. A salivary pump drives saliva into the prey; a cibarial pump extracts liquid from the prey. Both pumps are powered by substantial dilator muscles in the head. The beak is usually folded under the body when not in use. The diet is typically plant sap, but some hemipterans such as assassin bugs are blood-suckers, and a few are predators.[18][19]

Both herbivorous and predatory hemipterans inject enzymes to begin digestion extraorally (before the food is taken into the body). These enzymes include amylase to hydrolyse starch, polygalacturonase to weaken the tough cell walls of plants, and proteinases to break down proteins.[20]

Although the Hemiptera vary widely in their overall form, their mouthparts form a distinctive “rostrum”. Other insect orders with mouthparts modified into anything like the rostrum and stylets of the Hemiptera include some Phthiraptera, but for other reasons they generally are easy to recognize as non-hemipteran. Similarly, the mouthparts of Siphonaptera, some Diptera and Thysanoptera superficially resemble the rostrum of the Hemiptera, but on closer inspection the differences are considerable. Aside from the mouthparts, various other insects can be confused with Hemiptera, but they all have biting mandibles and maxillae instead of the rostrum. Examples include cockroaches and psocids, both of which have longer, many-segmented antennae, and some beetles, but these have fully hardened forewings which do not overlap.[21]

The forewings of Hemiptera are either entirely membranous, as in the Sternorrhyncha and Auchenorrhyncha, or partially hardened, as in most Heteroptera. The name “Hemiptera” is from the Greek – (hemi; “half”) and (pteron; “wing”), referring to the forewings of many heteropterans which are hardened near the base, but membranous at the ends. Wings modified in this manner are termed hemelytra (singular: hemelytron), by analogy with the completely hardened elytra of beetles, and occur only in the suborder Heteroptera. In all suborders, the hindwings if present at all are entirely membranous and usually shorter than the forewings.[8] The forewings may be held “roofwise” over the body (typical of Sternorrhyncha and Auchenorrhyncha),[22] or held flat on the back, with the ends overlapping (typical of Heteroptera).[8] The antennae in Hemiptera typically consist of four or five segments, although they can still be quite long, and the tarsi of the legs have two or three segments.[23]

Many hemipterans can produce sound for communication.[24] The “song” of male cicadas, the loudest of any insect, is produced by tymbal organs on the underside of the abdomen, and is used to attract mates. The tymbals are drumlike disks of cuticle, which are clicked in and out repeatedly, making a sound in the same way as popping the metal lid of a jam jar in and out.[25]

Stridulatory sounds are produced among the aquatic Corixidae and Notonectidae (backswimmers) using tibial combs rubbed across rostral ridges.[26][27]

Hemipterans are hemimetabolous, meaning that they do not undergo metamorphosis, the complete change of form between a larval phase and an adult phase. Instead, their young are called nymphs, and resemble the adults to a greater or less degree. The nymphs moult several times as they grow, and each instar resembles the adult more than the previous one. Wing buds grow in later stage nymphs; the final transformation involves little more than the development of functional wings (if they are present at all) and functioning sexual organs, with no intervening pupal stage as in holometabolous insects.[28]

Many aphids are parthenogenetic during part of the life cycle, such that females can produce unfertilized eggs, which are clones of their mother. All such young are female (thelytoky), so 100% of the population at these times can produce more offspring. Many species of aphid are also viviparous: the young are born live rather than laid as eggs. These adaptations enable aphids to reproduce extremely rapidly when conditions are suitable.[29]

Hemipterans make use of a variety of modes of locomotion including swimming, skating on a water surface and jumping, as well as walking and flying like other insects.

Several families of Heteroptera are water bugs, adapted to an aquatic lifestyle, such as the water boatmen (Corixidae), water scorpions (Nepidae), and backswimmers (Notonectidae). They are mostly predatory, and have legs adapted as paddles to help the animal move through the water.[2] The pondskaters or water striders (Gerridae) are also associated with water, but use the surface tension of standing water to keep them above the surface;[30] they include the sea skaters in the genus Halobates, the only truly marine group of insects.[2]

Marangoni effect propulsion exploits the change in surface tension when a soap-like surfactant is released on to a water surface, in the same way that a toy soap boat propels itself. Water bugs in the genus Microvelia (Veliidae) can travel at up to 17cm/s, twice as fast as they can walk, by this means.[30]

Flight is well developed in the Hemiptera although mostly used for short distance movement and dispersal. Wing development is sometimes related to environmental conditions. In aphids, both winged and wingless forms occur with winged forms produced in greater numbers when food resources are depleted. Aphids and whiteflies can sometimes be transported very long distances by atmospheric updrafts and high altitude winds.[31]

Many Auchenorrhyncha including representatives of the cicadas, leafhoppers, treehoppers, planthoppers, and froghoppers are adapted for jumping (saltation). Treehoppers, for example, jump by rapidly depressing their hind legs. Before jumping, the hind legs are raised and the femora are pressed tightly into curved indentations in the coxae. Treehoppers can attain a take-off velocity of up to 2.7 metres per second and an acceleration of up to 250 g. The instantaneous power output is much greater than that of normal muscle, implying that energy is stored and released to catapult the insect into the air.[32] Cicadas, which are much larger, extend their hind legs for a jump in under a millisecond, again implying elastic storage of energy for sudden release.[33]

In contrast, most Sternorrhyncha females are sedentary or completely sessile, attached to their host plants by their thin feeding stylets which cannot be taken out of the plant quickly.[34]

Most hemipterans are phytophagous, using their sucking and piercing mouthparts to feed on plant sap. These include cicadas, leafhoppers, treehoppers, planthoppers, froghoppers, aphids, whiteflies, scale insects, and some other groups. Some are monophages, being host specific and only found on one plant taxon, others are oligophages, feeding on a few plant groups, while others again are less discriminating polyphages and feed on many species of plant.[19] The relationship between hemipterans and plants appears to be ancient, with piercing and sucking of plants evident in the Early Devonian period.[35]

Hemipterans can dramatically cut the mass of affected plants, especially in major outbreaks. They sometimes also change the mix of plants by predation on seeds or feeding on roots of certain species.[36] Some sap-suckers move from one host to another at different times of year. Many aphids spend the winter as eggs on a woody host plant and the summer as parthogenetically reproducing females on a herbaceous plant.[37]

Phloem sap, which has a higher concentration of sugars and nitrogen, is under positive pressure unlike the more dilute xylem sap. Most of the Sternorrhyncha and a number of Auchenorrhynchan groups feed on phloem. Phloem feeding is common in the Fulgoromorpha, most Cicadellidae and in the Heteroptera. The Typhlocybine Cicadellids specialize in feeding on non-vascular mesophyll tissue of leaves, which is more nutritious than the leaf epidermis. Most Heteroptera also feed on mesophyll tissue where they are more likely to encounter defensive secondary plant metabolites which often leads to the evolution of host specificity.[38] Obligate xylem feeding is a special habit that is found in the Auchenorrhyncha among Cicadoidea, Cercopoidea and in Cicadelline Cicadellids. Some phloem feeders may take to xylem sap facultatively, especially when facing dehydration.[39] Xylem feeders tend to be polyphagous;[40] to overcome the negative pressure of xylem requires a special cibarial pump.[41] Phloem feeding hemiptera typically have symbiotic micro-organisms in their gut that help to convert amino acids. Phloem feeders produce honeydew from their anus. A variety of organisms that feed on honeydew form symbiotic associations with phloem-feeders.[42][43] Phloem sap is a sugary liquid low in amino acids, so insects have to process large quantities to meet their nutritional requirements. Xylem sap is even lower in amino acids and contains monosaccharides rather than sucrose, as well as organic acids and minerals. No digestion is required (except for the hydrolysis of sucrose) and 90% of the nutrients in the xylem sap can be utilised.[19][44] Some phloem sap feeders selectively mix phloem and xylem sap to control the osmotic potential of the liquid consumed.[45] A striking adaptation to a very dilute diet is found in many hemipterans: a filter chamber, a part of the gut looped back on itself as a countercurrent exchanger, which permits nutrients to be separated from excess water.[46] The residue, mostly water with sugars and amino acids, is quickly excreted as sticky “honey dew”, notably from aphids but also from other Auchenorrhycha and Sternorrhyncha.[47]

Some Sternorrhyncha including Psyllids and some aphids are gall formers. These sap-sucking hemipterans inject fluids containing plant hormones into the plant tissues inducing the production of tissue that covers to protects the insect and also act as sinks for nutrition that they feed on. The hackleberry gall psyllid for example, causes a woody gall on the leaf petioles of the hackleberry tree it infests,[48] and the nymph of another psyllid produces a protective lerp out of hardened honeydew.[19]

Most other hemipterans are predatory, feeding on other insects, or even small vertebrates. This is true of many aquatic species which are predatory, either as nymphs or adults.[23] The predatory shield bug for example stabs caterpillars with its beak and sucks out the body fluids.[49] The saliva of predatory heteropterans contains digestive enzymes such as proteinase and phospholipase, and in some species also amylase. The mouthparts of these insects are adapted for predation. There are toothed stylets on the mandibles able to cut into and abrade tissues of their prey. There are further stylets on the maxillae, adapted as tubular canals to inject saliva and to extract the pre-digested and liquified contents of the prey.[50]

Some species attack pest insects and are used in biological control. One of these is the spined soldier bug (Podisus maculiventris) that sucks body fluids from larvae of the Colorado beetle and the Mexican bean beetle.[51]

A few hemipterans are haematophagic (often described as “parasites”[52]), feeding on the blood of larger animals. These include bedbugs and the triatomine kissing bugs of the assassin bug family Reduviidae, which can transmit the dangerous Chagas disease.[2] The first known hemipteran to feed in this way on vertebrates was the extinct assassin bug Triatoma dominicana found fossilized in amber and dating back about twenty million years. Faecal pellets fossilised beside it show that it transmitted a disease-causing Trypanosoma and the amber included hairs of the likely host, a bat.[53]

Some species of ant protect and farm aphids (Sternorrhyncha) and other sap-sucking hemipterans, gathering and eating the honeydew that these hemipterans secrete. The relationship is symbiotic, as both ant and aphid benefit. Ants such as the yellow anthill ant, Lasius flavus, breed aphids of at least four species, Geoica utricularia, Tetraneura ulmi, Forda marginata and Forda formicaria, taking eggs with them when they found a new colony; in return, these aphids are obligately associated with the ant, breeding mainly or wholly asexually inside anthills.[54] Ants may also protect the plant bugs from their natural enemies, removing the eggs of predatory beetles and preventing access by parasitic wasps.[19]

Some leafhoppers (Auchenorrhyncha) are similarly “milked” by ants. In the Corcovado rain forest of Costa Rica, wasps compete with ants to protect and milk leafhoppers; the leafhoppers preferentially give more honeydew, more often, to the wasps, which are larger and may offer better protection.[55]

Hemiptera form prey to predators including vertebrates, such as birds, and other invertebrates such as ladybirds.[56][57] In response, hemipterans have evolved antipredator adaptations. Ranatra may feign death (thanatosis). Others such as Carpocoris purpureipennis secrete toxic fluids to ward off arthropod predators; some Pentatomidae such as Dolycoris are able to direct these fluids at an attacker. Toxic cardenolide compounds are accumulated by the heteropteran Oncopeltus fasciatus when it consumes milkweeds, while the coreid stinkbug Amorbus rubiginosus acquires 2-hexenal from its food plant, Eucalyptus. Some long-legged bugs mimic twigs, rocking to and fro to simulate the motion of a plant part in the wind.[57] The nymph of the Masked hunter bug camouflages itself with sand grains, using its hind legs and tarsal fan to form a double layer of grains, coarser on the outside.[58] The Amazon rain forest cicada Hemisciera maculipennis display bright red deimatic flash coloration on their hindwings when threatened; the sudden contrast helps to startle predators, giving the cicadas time to escape. The coloured patch on the hindwing is concealed at rest by an olive green patch of the same size on the forewing, enabling the insect to switch rapidly from cryptic to deimatic behaviour.[59][a]

Some hemipterans such as firebugs have bold aposematic warning coloration, often red and black, which appear to deter passerine birds.[61][62] Many hemipterans including aphids, scale insects and especially the planthoppers secrete wax to protect themselves from threats such as fungi, parasitoidal insects and predators, as well as abiotic factors like desiccation.[63] Hard waxy coverings are especially important in the sedentary Sternorrhyncha such as scale insects, which have no means of escape from predators; other Sternorrhyncha evade detection and attack by creating and living inside plant galls.[34] Nymphal Cicadoidea and Cercopoidea have glands attached to the Malpighian tubules in their proximal segment that produce mucopolysaccharides, which form the froth around spittlebugs, offering a measure of protection.[64]

Parental care is found in many species of Hemiptera especially in members of the Membracidae and numerous Heteroptera. In many species of shield bug, females stand guard over their egg clusters to protect them from egg parasitoids and predators.[65] In the aquatic Belostomatidae, females lay their eggs on the back of the male which guards the eggs.[66] Protection provided by ants is common in the Auchenorrhyncha.[19]

Although many species of Hemiptera are significant pests of crops and garden plants, including many species of aphid and scale insects, other species are harmless. The damage done is often not so much the deprivation of the plant of its sap, but the fact that they transmit serious viral diseases between plants.[7] They often produce copious amounts of honeydew which encourages the growth of sooty mould.[67] Significant pests include the cottony cushion scale, a pest of citrus fruit trees,[68] the green peach aphid and other aphids which attack crops worldwide and transmit diseases,[69] and jumping plant lice which are often host plant-specific and transmit diseases.[70]

Members of the families Reduviidae, Phymatidae and Nabidae are obligate predators. Some predatory species are used in biological pest control; these include various nabids,[71] and even some members of families that are primarily phytophagous, such as the genus Geocoris in the family Lygaeidae.[72] Other hemipterans are omnivores, alternating between a plant-based and an animal-based diet. For example, Dicyphus hesperus is used to control whitefly on tomatoes but also sucks sap, and if deprived of plant tissues will die even if in the presence of whiteflies.[73]

Other hemipterans have positive uses for humans, such as in the production of the dyestuff carmine (cochineal). The FDA has created guidelines for how to declare when it has been added to a product.[74] The scale insect Dactylopius coccus produces the brilliant red-coloured carminic acid to deter predators. Up to 100,000 scale insects need to be collected and processed to make a kilogram (2.2lbs) of cochineal dye.[75] A similar number of lac bugs are needed to make a kilogram of shellac, a brush-on colourant and wood finish.[76] Additional uses of this traditional product include the waxing of citrus fruits to extend their shelf-life, and the coating of pills to moisture-proof them, provide slow-release or mask the taste of bitter ingredients.[77]

Chagas disease is a modern-day tropical disease caused by Trypanosoma cruzi and transmitted by kissing bugs, so-called because they suck human blood from around the lips while a person sleeps.[78]

The bed bug, Cimex lectularius, is an external parasite of humans. It lives in bedding and is mainly active at night, feeding on human blood, generally without being noticed.[79][80] Bed bugs mate by traumatic insemination; the male pierces the female’s abdomen and injects his sperm into a secondary genital structure, the spermalege. The sperm travel in the female’s blood (haemolymph) to sperm storage structures (seminal conceptacles); they are released from there to fertilise her eggs inside her ovaries.[80][81]

Some larger hemipterans such as cicadas are used as food in Asian countries such as China,[82] and they are much esteemed in Malawi and other African countries. Insects have a high protein content and good food conversion ratios, but most hemipterans are too small to be a useful component of the human diet.[83] At least nine species of Hemiptera are eaten worldwide.[84]

Cicadas have featured in literature since the time of Homer’s Iliad, and as motifs in decorative art from the Chinese Shang dynasty (1766-1122 B.C.). They are described by Aristotle in his History of Animals and by Pliny the Elder in his Natural History; their mechanism of sound production is mentioned by Hesiod in his poem Works and Days “when the Skolymus flowers, and the tuneful Tettix sitting on his tree in the weary summer season pours forth from under his wings his shrill song”.[85]

Among the bugs, cicadas in particular have been used as money, in folk medicine, to forecast the weather, to provide song (in China), and in folklore and myths around the world.[86]

Large-scale cultivation of the oil palm Elaeis guineensis in the Amazon basin damages freshwater habitats and reduces the diversity of aquatic and semi-aquatic Heteroptera.[87] Climate change may be affecting the global migration of hemipterans including the potato leafhopper, Empoasca fabae. Warming is correlated with the severity of potato leafhopper infestation, so increased warming may worsen infestations in future.[88]

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Hemiptera – Wikipedia

02 Dec 16 Bed Bug Report for New York Marriott Marquis, New York, NY

Taiho on 08/10/2015

I would like to edit/delete my report on 7-28-15; however, neither email address works for this site. Why is that? Please delete this post and the one for 7-28-15. I am not comfortable with the lack of responsiveness to my inquiries regarding this site. Taiho

Luke S. on 07/29/2015

One should think twice before staying at this hotel or any Marriott. I was bitten by something poisonous and the hotel did nothing for me. I checked in on July 6, 2015 at around 8:00 P.M. with my wife. We ordered room service and went to bed without leaving the room. We woke up around 9:00 A.M. I was in bed when two separate areas on my arm starting burning! I ran into the bathroom where my wife was to show her. It looked like some sort of insect bites. I decided to give it an hour to

get better before complaining. After an hour, I advised management of the problem. A security guard came to take a report and said that ECOLAB would inspect the room. Two hours later the swelling continued and the bites were getting much worse. I spoke with the shift manager on duty and asked if he could call a DOCTOR. He said that a DOCTOR would come, but instead he called an ambulance. The ambulance came and offered to take me to the hospital! I had a flight in less than 4 hours so I was not going to go to the hospital for something that was not life threatening. During the next few days the bites went from red to brown then the skin started peeling; whatever had bitten me was nasty. A lady named Roni called me from the claims department at Marriott to ask how I was doing and she let me know that she would call me when the report came back from ECOLAB. Several days later Roni called me back and let me know that the insect inspection came back negative and that they could do nothing further for me, being that there was no proof. If you plan to stay at that hotel or any other Marriott, know that if something happens, they will not have your back. You will need to go to the hospital and see a lawyer. Nearly two weeks later the skin has still not healed, and now I will have to pay the ambulance bill as well. Now I’m reading another review about this place with Roni. Of course Ecolab will do everything possible to help the hotel. Imagine how big that account is for them? Also, I wonder if Roni is telling the truth when the reports come back “Negative.” I’m tempted to get a lawyer and subpoena the actual results.

Taiho on 07/28/2015

We stayed at this hotel July 14-16. I got bedbug bites and reported this at check out. Claims Services contacted me later to let me know no further follow- up will be conducted because EcoLab inspected our room after my report and found no indication of bug infestation. I had many bites, bought medication for itching, and photographed evidence of blood stains on bedding and what appeared to be a bug or remnant of a bug. We are loyal Marriott customers and I am not satisfied with the follow- up f

rom Claims Adjuster Roni Meunier. No, we had not stayed in another hotel where these bites could have happened. No, I did not place suitcases on the bed. No, I do not feel comfortable with the handling of this problem. Yes, I left detailed notes with areas on sheets to be inspected that showed blood evidence of bugs. Yes, my bites matched online descriptions of marks left by bedbugs. Sorry Marriott, but you did not handle this problem well by suggesting bites were from elsewhere. How do you explain physical evidence on sheets?

ElvisNYC on 04/24/2015

About a week after check-out found clustered bites on my arms, legs, and side. I stayed for 3 nights in room 4321 in mid-April. I’ve stayed in no other hotels in the meantime and my home checks clean.

Bill on 03/15/2015

Visited in March 2015. Stayed in room 3437 for seven nights. No bedbugs. Great room.

Pilot by trade on 03/14/2015

I just visited the Marquis this last week for four days. I was in room 3836 and am very happy to report the room was very clean and NO bedbugs. And I looked! I tore that room apart because I was freaked out by the other reports. We are bite free and had a very enjoyable stay with excellent reception and customer service! I do wonder if those who report bedbug bites and not confirmed by a dermatologist really ARE bedbug bites.

Anonymous on 02/24/2015

Feb 24th 2015 – hate to bear bad news but encountered critters here last night. Management took it seriously and relocated me. I felt confident that they are actively managing any problems.

I captured several – pictures I took match early stage (un-fed adult) biters. Typical signs of bite marks on body. I’ve been throwing my clothes away instead of bringing them home.

Anonymous on 02/01/2014

Stayed here March 8, 2013 for 4 nights. Had group with several rooms. One person in group owns pest control business so is super paranoid about bed bugs and checks rooms very thoroughly. Happy to report NO BED BUGs found during entire stay in any of the 4 rooms.

Julia on 11/14/2013

I stayed at the Marriott Marquis on October 23rd for one night and developed bed bug bites on my chest, arm, and back. They took about 12 days to develop — so at first I had trouble figuring out what was going on. But the groupings of the bits were straight off the CDC website. I reported this to the hotel and they were very responsive.

margarita on 07/31/2013

july 21 and 22 20013 spent 2 nights in Marriott marqui time square hotel and the air condition went off the first night and it was very hot during the night, keep scratching all nite all .when we woke up my ankles were bite and my son and grandkids were bite in the face …we couldn’t figure it out. told the front desk and maid and they said they would take care of it…. the second night it was the same thing itching all nite and we scratched so much we got blood and marks…we spent a l

ot of money to stay there . over 700.00 for 2 nights totally ruined our trip thank God that the rest of our trip was better. I still have marks from the bites. room 3532 margarita I have sent them emails and they don’t answer is there a complaint department..i feel like disputing the charge with my credit card..

margarita on 07/31/2013

july 21 and 22 20013 spent 2 nights in Marriott marqui time square hotel and the air condition went off the first night and it was very hot during the night, keep scratching all nite all .when we woke up my ankles were bite and my son and grandkids were bite in the face …we couldn’t figure it out. told the front desk and maid and they said they would take care of it…. the second night it was the same thing itching all nite and we scratched so much we got blood and marks…we spent a l

ot of money to stay there . over 700.00 for 2 nights totally ruined our trip thank God that the rest of our trip was better. I still have marks from the bites. room 3532 margarita I have sent them emails and they don’t answer is there a complaint department..i feel like disputing the charge with my credit card..

Anonymous on 03/07/2013

Bedbugs found on third floor conference rooms. Disgusting! This was during a film shoot on March 6, 2013, and they had us waiting in these conference rooms between scenes. No one officially told us about the bedbugs but I overheard several staff members discussing them, and we were quickly moved from this room to a higher floor. This hotel has a bedbug problem.

EWWWWW on 12/16/2012

Stay in hotel from Dec. 3- Dec 7th and didn’t see any signs of bed bugs but two weeks later I found 2 in my suit case… not sure that they came from the hotel but just thought I would share…

unbitten in SLC on 05/04/2012

We stayed in Room 2348 for 6 nights, 4/8/12- 4/14/12 and had no bed bug problems and we were plenty worried about it. No evidence since we have been home either.

Paranoid about bugs! on 02/19/2012

NO Bugs found, we were here 2/15 to 2/16 room 3452 no sign of infestation and we ALWAYS check!!!

Claire F. on 02/19/2012

I had 1 room n3426 from 4 to 10th august 2011. No bedbugs. The stay and the room were wonderful.The room was very clean.

Claire F. on 02/19/2012

I had 1 room n3426 from 4 to 10th august 2012. No bedbugs. The stay and the room were wonderful.The room was very clean.

Anonymous on 01/30/2012

We stayed in room 2037 in January 2012 and had a wonderful visit. The room was clean with no signs of bed bugs and the staff was very helpful. We have stayed here for several years and have never seen bed bugs.

Mitch on 12/17/2011

We stayed in room 3336 on Sunday Dec 11. Did not think to check room. Wife came home and found a row of bites on her neck. Cannot say for sure but these look exactly like the photos online. We brought many suitcases to the room, stored them at the bell stand. We are dreading the possibility that we brought bedbugs home with us.

Anonymous on 12/08/2011

In early December 2011 I found a bedbug crawling on the wall next to the headboard near my pillow(around 1AM). I am always on the lookout for bedbugs in NYC hotels (I check everywhere carefully before putting anything down), and this one was definitely it. I captured it and called the hotel staff. They were very good about the issue and brought in someone to inspect and record the incident. I was also given a new room. With that aside, the fact is that I happened to see a bedbug, and it would ha

ve gotten to me had I not been looking. I have stayed at the Marriott Marquis for business for years, but now I will stay elsewhere.

Anonymous on 10/25/2011

I was bitten by bed bugs at this hotel on 10/18/11. I had my own apartment inspected (in Philadelphia) and had no sign of them here. That leaves the Marriott Marquis.

Maxim on 09/17/2011

It seems like all the reports on this site are scams probably written by a hotel staff member to hide the hotel’s notorious bedbug infestation.

All comments begin with “stayed…” and theyire written in the same style.

Something smells fishy here.

Anonymous on 09/06/2011

I was there from August 30 to September 4th, 2011 on the 23rd floor. There were no signs of bed bugs and I had no problems at all. The hotel was super nice and the location cannot be beat.

Margaret on 09/05/2011

Stayed there Aug 26-31, 2011 in room 1506. No sign of bedbugs on initial inspection and never had a single bite or itch. Inspected beds every night before getting in; was there during the hurricane so there was no housekeeping and same sheets for 5 nights. Felt very comfortable there and used the only precaution of keeping suitcases on the desk and table. The hotel was full due to the airports being closed; never heard any discussion in elevators or lobby or anywhere in the hotel about anyone h

aving bedbugs. After the trip had no evidence of any bites either. Was a great place to stay.

Margaret on 09/05/2011

Stayed there Aug 26-31, 2011 in room 1506. No sign of bedbugs on initial inspection and never had a single bite or itch. Inspected beds every night before getting in; was there during the hurricane so there was no housekeeping and same sheets for 5 nights. Felt very comfortable there and used the only precaution of keeping suitcases on the desk and table. After the trip had no evidence of any bites either. Was a great place to stay.

Jodi on 07/13/2011

Stayed in room 1059 from 7/5/11 to 7/9/11. Four people, 2 beds, and glad to report no bugs. Service was great. Plan to return again next fall.

jconkle on 06/27/2011

Stayed at this hotel June 8-11, 2011 and had no bed bugs at all.The hotel was great and service wonderful. Three in the room and none of us had bed bug bites.

Sergio on 02/12/2011

Sayed in room 1901 from feb 6 to the 9th On feb 8 i noticed blood on the sheets after I woke up, noticed what I belived to be a pimple, not payed too much attention to this. Next morning when I woke up I saw a small bug on my arm, I hit it with my hand and it poped leaving blood on my arm and hand, I called manegement, they came and saw the bug and blood, they told me corporate would call, a few minutes latter I saw another bug crawling in the bed, I called management, they took the bug, told

me they would call at later date. Got a call from Jewell from corporate, telling me they would investigate the “alleged” infestation, no appologies so far.

Anonymous on 10/21/2010

Checked on this hotel as planning on staying here in Dec 2010. At this time it says “no reports” but if you search just “New York Marriott” there are several reports for the Marriott Marquis reporting bedbug encounters at this hotel.

Originally posted here:
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